RCT 164 hospitalized patients in Egypt showing lower mortality and shorter hospitalization, but without statistical significance. There were no serious adverse effects. Authors suggest the low dosage may have resulted in lower efficacy than other trials, and recommend increased dosage in future trials. Time from symptom onset is not specified.
Abd-Elsalam et al., 6/2/2021, Randomized Controlled Trial, Egypt, Middle East, peer-reviewed, 16 authors, dosage 12mg days 1-3.
risk of death, 25.0% lower, RR 0.75, p = 0.70, treatment 3 of 82 (3.7%), control 4 of 82 (4.9%), odds ratio converted to relative risk, logistic regression.
risk of mechanical ventilation, no change, RR 1.00, p = 1.00, treatment 3 of 82 (3.7%), control 3 of 82 (3.7%).
hospitalization time, 19.6% lower, relative time 0.80, p = 0.09, treatment 82, control 82.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.