Prophylaxis study using ivermectin and carrageenan showing 0 of 131 cases from treated healthcare workers, compared to 11 of 98 control.
The effect is likely to be primarily due to ivermectin - the author has later reported that carrageenan is not necessary .
Carvallo et al., 10/19/2020, prospective, Argentina, South America, preprint, 1 author, dosage 1mg days 1-14, this trial uses multiple treatments in the treatment arm (combined with iota-carrageenan) - results of individual treatments may vary.
risk of COVID-19 case, 96.3% lower, RR 0.04, p < 0.001, treatment 0 of 131 (0.0%), control 11 of 98 (11.2%), continuity correction due to zero event (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm).
This study is excluded in meta analysis: concern about potential data issues.
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.