Proof of concept RCT with 30 ivermectin patients and 15 control patients, showing a concentration dependent antiviral activity, but no significant difference in clinical outcomes. There was no significant difference in viral load reduction between groups overall, but a significant difference was found in patients with higher median plasma ivermectin levels (72% vs. 42%, p
=0.004). Mean ivermectin plasma concentration levels correlated with viral decay rate (r=0.47, p
=0.02). The change in viral load is provided for the <160ng/mL and >160ng/mL groups, but not the overall treatment group. The corrigendum provides individual viral decay rates for computing the overall treatment group viral decay rate. NCT004381884
. Authors published a corrigendum: .
Krolewiecki et al., 6/18/2021, Randomized Controlled Trial, Argentina, South America, peer-reviewed, 23 authors, dosage 600μg/kg days 1-5.
risk of mechanical ventilation, 151.9% higher, RR 2.52, p = 1.00, treatment 1 of 27 (3.7%), control 0 of 14 (0.0%), continuity correction due to zero event (with reciprocal of the contrasting arm).
risk of disease progression, 3.7% higher, RR 1.04, p = 1.00, treatment 2 of 27 (7.4%), control 1 of 14 (7.1%).
viral decay rate, 65.6% lower, RR 0.34, p = 0.09, treatment 20, control 14, relative mean viral decay rate (corrigendum table 2).
Effect extraction follows pre-specified rules
prioritizing more serious outcomes. For an individual study the most serious
outcome may have a smaller number of events and lower statistical signficance,
however this provides the strongest evidence for the most serious outcomes
when combining the results of many trials.